Urinary Tract Infections in Teens and Adults (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Antibiotics can treat most urinary tract infections (UTIs) successfully. The goals of treatment for UTIs are to relieve symptoms, eliminate the infection and prevent recurrence, and prevent unlikely but serious complications such as kidney damage and sepsis. In pregnant women, treatment protects the woman and the fetus. The number of days your doctor will have you take antibiotics depends on your infection and the type of antibiotic medicine.
Treatment for uncomplicated bladder infections is usually a combination of antibiotics and home treatment. Home treatment includes drinking a lot of water and fluids and urinating frequently, emptying your bladder each time. More testing is not needed if your symptoms improve.
Oral antibiotics usually can treat kidney infections (pyelonephritis). But you may need a brief hospital stay and a short course of intravenous (IV) antibiotics if you are too ill or nauseated to take medicine by mouth (oral medicine). Kidney infections tend to make people more severely ill than bladder infections.
You may need more tests before and after treatment if you:
If you have a severe kidney infection, or if a bladder or kidney infection is complicated by other factors, you may need hospital care.
Treatment if the condition gets worse or recurs
If the infection spreads and affects your kidney function or causes widespread infection (sepsis), you will need hospital care. These complications are not common. And they rarely occur in people who are otherwise healthy. People are at higher risk if they have an impaired immune system, diabetes, untreated urinary tract obstruction, and/or other conditions that affect the kidneys or bladder.
A new infection, rather than a relapse of the same infection, usually is the cause of a UTI that keeps coming back (recurs).
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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