Urine Ketone Test and Children With Diabetes
Fat is burned for energy when insulin is not in the blood to help sugar (glucose) enter cells. When fat is burned, ketones are released into the bloodstream. Ketones, which exit the body via the urine, can lead to the life-threatening condition diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
A child with diabetes needs to have his or her urine tested for ketones at home using tablets or plastic strips.
All children with type 1 diabetes and those with type 2 diabetes who have a history of having DKA need to test their urine for ketones when they are sick or under stress, when blood sugar levels have been consistently above 240 mg/dL, and when they have symptoms of DKA (nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain).1
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