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Urologic Dysfunction After Menopause (cont.)

Urologic Dysfunction After Menopause Prevention

Urinary tract infections

  • Wipe from the front to the back after going to the bathroom to prevent bacteria from being moved from the anus to the urethra.
  • Empty the bladder regularly and completely, especially after sexual intercourse.
  • Drink plenty of fluids including cranberry juice. Studies have shown cranberry juice reduces the ability of bacteria to stick to bladder cells, thus reducing the chance that urinary tract infections will occur.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking irritates the bladder and has been shown to cause bladder cancer in some patients.

Bladder control problems

  • Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol and caffeine.
  • Avoid spicy foods or citrus foods and drinks that can irritate the bladder.
  • Urinate regularly.
  • Practice Kegel exercises regularly.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking irritates the bladder and has been shown to cause bladder cancer in some patients.
  • Maintain a healthy weight with a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

Bladder prolapse

  • Eat a high-fiber diet and drink plenty of fluids to reduce the risk of constipation.
  • Seek medical attention for long-term constipation.
  • Avoid heavy lifting.
  • Maintain a healthy weight as obesity is a risk factor for bladder prolapse.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking irritates the bladder and has been shown to cause bladder cancer in some patients.

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