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Uterine Fibroids (cont.)

Medical Treatment

In most cases, treatment is not necessary, particularly if the woman has no symptoms, has small tumors, or has gone through menopause. Abnormal vaginal bleeding caused by fibroids may require surgical scraping of the uterine cavity in a procedure known as a dilation and curettage (D&C). If no malignancy (cancer) is found, this bleeding often can be controlled by hormonal medications. The following treatment options should be discussed with a health care practitioner.

Observation

The woman's doctor may follow the size and growth of the fibroids over time to make sure no indicators of cancer are present. If the person does not have symptoms such as vaginal bleeding or pelvic pain, and if the fibroid is not growing rapidly, no treatment may be needed. Some patient's may, however, require more frequent pelvic exams, such as every 6 months, to check on changes with the fibroid(s).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/9/2014

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Uterine Fibriod Embolization »

Uterine leiomyomas, better known as uterine fibroids, are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.

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