Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Vaginal Yeast Infections (cont.)

Vaginal Yeast Infection Causes

Patient Comments

The vagina is an environment that maintains its own balance of microorganisms. When this balance is disrupted, such as when the fungus Candida albicans is allowed to multiply unchecked, a vaginal yeast infection can result. The following are examples of factors that can disrupt the natural balance of microorganisms that live in the vagina:

  • Antibiotic use: Antibiotics can destroy bacteria that protect the vagina or alter the balance of bacteria that are normally present. A vaginal yeast infection may develop during or after the use of antibiotics taken to treat other conditions such as strep throat.
  • Steroid use
  • Diabetes: This disease can lower the glycogen store in certain vaginal cells. Diabetes may also raise the sugar content (and pH) of the vagina, which increases the risk for developing a vaginal yeast infection.
  • Factors that can cause a weakened immune system (for example, HIV/AIDS, steroid use, pregnancy, cancer chemotherapy or other drugs that weaken the immune system)
  • Use of douches or feminine hygiene sprays
  • Scratches or wounds in the vagina (for example, caused during insertion of tampons or other objects).
  • Underwear that is tight or made of a material other than cotton. (This can increase temperature, moisture, and local irritation.)
  • Hormonal changes
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/19/2013

Must Read Articles Related to Vaginal Yeast Infections

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection, Candida)
Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) Candidiasis is type of yeast infection, and is the most common type of yeast infection. Areas where candidiasis yeast infection can occur are vaginal, thrush (m...learn more >>
Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment
Understanding Vaginal Yeast Infection Medications Yeast infections are overgrowths of normally growing fungi in the vagina. Overgrowth inflames the vagina and creates discharge, odor, irritation, and/or itching...learn more >>
Vaginal Infections
Vaginal Infections Vaginal infections, or vaginitis, describe the most common medical concerns women have in the area of their reproductive organs. Vaginitis is an inflammation of...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Yeast Infection (Vaginal):

Yeast Infection - Effective Treatments

What kinds of treatments have been effective for your yeast infection?

Yeast Infection - Causes

Did you have a yeast infection? If so, what was the cause?

Yeast Infection - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your yeast infection?

Yeast Infection - Home Remedy

Please share your experience with yeast infection home remedies.

Yeast Infection - Prevention

What prevention measures do you use to avoid getting a yeast infection?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Vaginitis »

Vaginitis (infection of the vagina) is the most common gynecologic condition encountered in the office.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary