Ventricular Septal Defect Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Ventricular Septal Defect article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Aorta: The largest artery in the body, the aorta arises from the left ventricle of the he...

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Aortic: Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Aortic regurgitation: The return of blood from the aorta into the left ventricle of the he...

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Aortic valve: One of the four valves in the heart, this valve is situated at exit of the ...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Atria: The plural of atrium.

Atrial: Pertaining to the atria, the upper chambers of the heart, as in atrial fibrillatio...

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Atrium: An entry chamber. On both sides of the heart, the atrium is the chamber that leads...

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Breast bone: Familiar name for the sternum, the long flat bone in the middle of the front ...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiologist: A physician who specializes in treating heart disorders.

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Circulatory: Having to do with circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuito...

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Circulatory system: The system that moves blood throughout the body. The circulatory syste...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Congestive heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with f...

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Cyanosis: A bluish color of the skin and the mucous membranes due to insufficient oxygen i...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Empirical: Based on experience and observation rather than on systematic logic. Experience...

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Endocarditis: an inflammation of one or more of the heart valves and lining tissues of the...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heart murmur: An unusual, 'whooshing' heart sound that may be innocent or may reflect dise...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Hypertrophy: Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increase...

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Hypoxia: A lower-than-normal concentration of oxygen in arterial blood, as opposed to anox...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Left atrium: The upper right chamber of the heart. The left atrium receives oxygenated blo...

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Left ventricle: The left lower chamber of the heart that receives blood from the left atri...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Malformation: A structural defect in the body due to abnormal embryonic or fetal developme...

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Membranous: Pertaining to a membrane. As in acute membranous gingivitis, membranous nephro...

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Murmur: A sound due to vibrations from the flow of blood through the heart or great vessel...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Open heart surgery: Surgery in which the chest is opened and surgery is performed on the h...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Outlet: The exit or opening. The means by which something escapes.

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Primary care provider: In insurance parlance, a physician who is chosen by or assigned to ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary hypertension: High blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. This elevated blood...

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Regurgitation: A backward flowing. For example, vomiting is a regurgitation of food from t...

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Right atrium: The right upper chamber of the heart. The right atrium receives deoxygenated...

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Right ventricle: The lower right chamber of the heart that receives deoxygenated blood fro...

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Septum: A dividing wall or enclosure. For example, the septum of the nose is the thin cart...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shunt: 1) To move a body fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid, from one place to another. 2...

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Sternum: The long flat bone in the upper middle of the front of the chest. The sternum art...

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Stethoscope: An instrument that is used to transmit low-volume sounds such as a heartbeat ...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Systolic: The blood pressure when the heart is contracting. It is specifically the maximum...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vasodilators: Agents that act as blood vessel dilators (vasodilators) and open vessels by ...

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Ventricle: A chamber of an organ. For example, the four connected cavities in the central ...

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Ventricles: 1, The right ventricle and the left ventricle, the lower two chambers o...

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Ventricular: Pertaining to the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, as in ventricu...

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Ventricular septum: The wall between the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.

VSD: Ventricular septal defect.

Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary