Ventricular Septal Defect (cont.)
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Ventricular Septal Defect Symptoms
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Small holes in the ventricular septum usually produce no symptoms but are often recognized by the child's health care provider when a loud heart murmur along the left side of the lower breast bone or sternum is heard. Large holes typically produce symptoms 1-6 months after an infant’s birth. Large holes may not have murmurs at all. Instead, the left ventricle begins to fail, producing the following symptoms:
When a ventricular septal defect is not detected early in life, it can cause more severe problems and more severe symptoms as time goes on. The biggest concern is development of high pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). If the ventricular septal defect is not surgically closed, irreversible pulmonary hypertension can develop, and the child is no longer operable and has a poor prognosis. The following are typical symptoms of pulmonary hypertension:
The skin turns faintly bluish when the tissues are not receiving quite enough oxygen. This condition is often termed "hypoxemia" or "hypoxia."
When to Seek Medical Care for Ventricular Septal Defect
Any of the following should be reported to your child's health care provider:
An immediate visit to the nearest hospital emergency department is warranted if you notice any of the following in your infant:
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/31/2015
Mark Merlin, DO, FACEP
Kathryn L Hale, MS, PA-C
Alan D Forker, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Jonathan Adler, MD
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Ventricular Septal Defect - Patient Experience
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Ventricular Septal Defect - Treatment
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