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Ventricular Septal Defect (cont.)

What is the treatment for ventricular septal defect?

In some children with ventricular septal defect, the defect will close on its own as the child grows.

If a larger ventricular septal defect is causing symptoms, your child's health-care professional may prescribe medication.

  • Which medication is prescribed depends on the severity of symptoms.
  • The goal of therapy is to reduce the symptoms of congestive heart failure, such as poor growth and development, weight loss and/or poor weight gain, excessive sweating, and fast breathing. An older patient typically develops fluid in the lungs, liver, and legs.
  • If serious infections and/or dental work is needed, antibiotics are needed to prevent the infection from spreading to the VSD, i.e. infectious endocarditis, which is potentially fatal.

What medications treat ventricular septal defects?

Patient Comments
  • Vasodilators: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers are used to decrease the work load on the left ventricle.
  • Digoxin (Lanoxin) increases the strength of the heart muscle to deal with the greater blood volume.
  • Diuretics such as Lasix (furosemide) or spironolactone (Aldactone) help remove excess fluid from the body so the heart doesn't have to work as hard and the patient feels much better.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/5/2016
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A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole or a defect in the septum that divides the 2 lower chambers of the heart and that results in a communication between the ventricular cavities.

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