Ventricular Septal Defect (cont.)
Mark Merlin, DO, FACEP
Kathryn L Hale, MS, PA-C
Alan D Forker, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Jonathan Adler, MD
IN THIS ARTICLE
Larger ventricular septal defects do not close as the child grows. If it does not close, closing the heart surgically is necessary.
Surgery is not usually performed in newborns because small defects will close spontaneously in 20-25%. The surgery also is more risky in the first few months of life; the risk of death from the operation is higher in the first 6 months of life than later.Researchers are testing devices that cover the defect, performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, not by open heart surgery.
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