Vertebral Compression Fracture Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Vertebral Compression Fracture article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic pain: Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Compression fracture: A fracture caused by compression, the act of pressing together. Comp...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Kyphoplasty: A procedure similar to vertebroplasty, but with the intent of expanding the c...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

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Osteomyelitis: Inflammation of the bone due to infection, for example, by the bacteria sal...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Oxycodone: Oxycodone is the active ingredient in OxyContin. Oxycodone is an opioid, a clos...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathologic: 1. Indicative of or caused by disease, as in a pathologic fracture, pat...

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Pathologic fracture: A bone broken, not by trauma alone, but so weakened by disease as to ...

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Percutaneous: Through the skin. For example, a percutaneous biopsy is a biopsy that is obt...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vertebra: A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. Th...

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Vertebrae: The preferred plural of vertebra. (The alternate plural is vertebras.) See also...

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Vertebral compression fracture: A fracture that collapses a spinal vertebra as a result o...

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Vertebroplasty: A nonsurgical method for repairing osteoporosis back fractures, such as ve...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Medical Dictionary