Vertebral Compression Fracture (cont.)
Vertebral Compression Fracture Causes
Vertebral compression fractures can be caused by osteoporosis, trauma, and diseases affecting bone (pathologic fracture).
- Osteoporosis is a disease of bone in which bone density is reduced, which may increase the chance that a person could sustain a vertebral compression fracture with little or no trauma.
- Osteoporosis most commonly occurs in women who have completed menopause, but it can also occur in elderly men and in people who have had long-term use of a steroid medication such as prednisone.
- Trauma: Injury severe enough to cause a vertebra to break can occur with a fall from a tall height in which the person lands on his or her feet or buttocks. It can also occur in a person involved in a car accident.
- Pathologic fracture
- Pathologic fracture is a fracture occurring in the vertebra due to preexisting disease at the fracture site.
- Most commonly, this type of break is from cancer in the bone, which has often traveled from other sites in the body, such as from the prostate, breast, or lungs.
- Pathologic fracture can also occur with other diseases, such as Paget's disease of bone and infection of bone (osteomyelitis).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/21/2013
Must Read Articles Related to Vertebral Compression Fracture
Bone Mineral Density Tests
Osteoporosis (or porous bone) is a disease in which bones become weak and are more likely to break. Bone mineral density tests check the strength and solidness ...learn more >>
Computerized tomography scans (CT scans) are an important diagnostic tool for a variety of medical conditions. The process uses X-rays and a computer to produce...learn more >>
Fall Prevention and Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis (or porous bone) is a disease in which bones become less dense, resulting in weak bones that are more likely to break. Without prevention or treatm...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Vertebral Compression Fracture: