Vertebral Compression Fracture Topic Guide
Vertebral Compression Fracture: A vertebral compression fracture occurs when the bones of the spine become broken due to trauma. Causes include osteoporosis, trauma, and pathologic fracture. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and urinary incontinence and urinary retention. Treatment may involve wearing a back brace, resting, icing, taking pain relievers, exercise, and surgery.
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Bone Loss Bone loss occurs when bone resorption exceeds bone formation. Factors that may affect bone loss include diet, age, menopause, smoking, not exercising, and medications such as corticosteroids. Bone loss may be prevented by eating a high-calcium, high-vitamin D diet, exercising, not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and taking medications to prevent osteoporosis.