Vertigo Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Vertigo article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acoustic: Having to do with sound or hearing. The acoustic nerve (the 8th cranial nerve) i...

See the entire definition of Acoustic

Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor that may develop on the hearing and balance nerves near t...

See the entire definition of Acoustic neuroma

Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

See the entire definition of Acupuncture

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis ...

See the entire definition of Arteriosclerosis

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

See the entire definition of Benign

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

See the entire definition of Caffeine

Cerebellar: Pertaining to the cerebellum, the part of the brain in the back of the head be...

See the entire definition of Cerebellar

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

See the entire definition of Cervical

Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

See the entire definition of Cholesterol back to top

Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

See the entire definition of Circulation

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

See the entire definition of CT scan

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

See the entire definition of Dizziness

Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

See the entire definition of Ear

ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

See the entire definition of Electrocardiogram

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

See the entire definition of ENT

Ginger: Ginger, the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, has been used as medicine in...

See the entire definition of Ginger

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

back to top

Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

See the entire definition of Herbal

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

See the entire definition of High blood pressure

Illusion: A perception that occurs when a sensory stimulus is present but is incorrectly p...

See the entire definition of Illusion

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Inner ear: A highly complex structure whose essential component for hearing is the membran...

See the entire definition of Inner ear

Internal ear: There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ...

See the entire definition of Internal ear

Labyrinthitis: Inflammation of the labyrinth of the ear, which can be accompanied by verti...

See the entire definition of Labyrinthitis

Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

See the entire definition of Lesion

Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

See the entire definition of Lightheadedness

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

See the entire definition of Medical history

Meniere disease: A condition with recurrent vertigo accompanied by ringing in the ears (ti...

See the entire definition of Meniere disease

Middle ear: A part of the ear that consists of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and, beyond...

See the entire definition of Middle ear back to top

Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

See the entire definition of Migraine

Motion sickness: A disorder of the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense ...

See the entire definition of Motion sickness

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

See the entire definition of Multiple sclerosis

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

See the entire definition of Neck

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

See the entire definition of Nerve

Neuritis: Inflammation of nerves. There are many causes of neuritis, including various vir...

See the entire definition of Neuritis

Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

See the entire definition of Neurological

Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

See the entire definition of Neurologist

Neuroma: A benign tumor that arises from a nerve as, for example, an acoustic glioma or op...

See the entire definition of Neuroma

Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

See the entire definition of Neurosurgeon

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

See the entire definition of Nose

Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

See the entire definition of Objective

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset back to top

Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

See the entire definition of Physical therapy

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

See the entire definition of Prescription

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent

Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

See the entire definition of Referral

Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

See the entire definition of Rehabilitation

Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

See the entire definition of Ringing in the ears

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan

Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

See the entire definition of Sclerosis

Scopolamine: A naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called a...

See the entire definition of Scopolamine

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

See the entire definition of Sensation

Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

See the entire definition of Stroke

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

See the entire definition of Sweating back to top

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

See the entire definition of Symptom

Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

See the entire definition of Symptomatic

Symptomatic treatment: Therapy that eases the symptoms without addressing the basic cause ...

See the entire definition of Symptomatic treatment

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

See the entire definition of Throat

Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

See the entire definition of Tinnitus

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

See the entire definition of Tobacco

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Vertigo: Aside from being the name of a classic 1958 Alfred Hitchcock film (with Jimmy St...

See the entire definition of Vertigo

Vestibular: 1) Having to do with a structure that is a vestibule (entrance), such as the...

See the entire definition of Vestibular

Vestibular system: A system that is composed
of the vestibular apparatus, the vestibu...

See the entire definition of Vestibular system

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

See the entire definition of Vitamin D back to top

Whiplash injury: A hyperextension and flexion injury to the neck, often a result of being ...

See the entire definition of Whiplash injury back to top






Medical Dictionary