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Vitamin B12

IN THIS ARTICLE

Are there any interactions with medications?



Chloramphenicol
Interaction Rating: Major Do not take this combination.

Vitamin B12 is important for producing new blood cells. Chloramphenicol might decrease new blood cells. Taking chloramphenicol for a long time might decrease the effects of vitamin B12 on new blood cells. But most people only take chloramphenicol for a short time, so this interaction isn't a big problem.

Dosing considerations for Vitamin B12.

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

The typical general supplemental dose of vitamin B12 is 1-25 mcg per day.

The recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) of vitamin B12 are: Infants 0-6 months, 0.4 mcg; infants 7-12 months, 0.5 mcg; children 1-3 years, 0.9 mcg; children 4-8 years, 1.2 mcg; children 9-13 years, 1.8 mcg; older children and adults, 2.4 mcg; pregnant women, 2.6 mcg; and breast-feeding women, 2.8 mcg. Because 10% to 30% of older people do not absorb food-bound vitamin B12 efficiently, those over 50 years should meet the RDA by eating foods fortified with B12 or by taking a vitamin B12 supplement. Supplementation of 25-100 mcg per day has been used to maintain vitamin B12 levels in older people.
  • For vitamin B12 deficiency or pernicious anemia: cyanocobalamin doses of 300-10,000 mcg (microgram) daily have been used. However, some evidence suggests that the most effective oral dose is between 647-1032 mcg/day.
  • For high blood levels of homocysteine: vitamin B12 500 mcg in combination with 0.5-5 mg folic acid and 16.5 mg pyridoxine has been used.
  • For preventing age-related macular degeneration (AMD): vitamin B12 1 mg, folic acid 2.5 mg, and pyridoxine 50 mg daily has been studied.
APPLIED TO THE SKIN:
  • For atopic dermatitis (eczema): a specific vitamin B12 0.07% cream (Regividerm) applied twice daily has been used.
  • For psoriasis: a specific cream (Regividerm, Regeneratio Pharma AG, Wuppertal, Germany) containing avocado oil plus vitamin B12 0.7 mg/gram applied for 12 weeks twice daily has been used.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.



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