Vomiting and Nausea Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Vomiting and Nausea article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

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Aromatherapy: A form of alternative medicine in which essential oils or other scents are i...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bulimia: Also called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of secr...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Concussion: A traumatic injury to soft tissue, usually the brain, as a result of a violent...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Food poisoning: The illness resulting from eating food or drinking water containing poison...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Ginger: Ginger, the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, has been used as medicine in...

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Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the v...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Liter: A metric measure of capacity that is equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of water at ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

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Morning sickness: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

Motion sickness: A disorder of the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ounce: A measure of weight equal to 1/16th of a pound or, metrically, 28.35 gra...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Peristalsis: The rippling motion of muscles in the digestive tract. In the stomach, this m...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Queasy: A feeling of nausea.

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Rehydrate: To restore lost water to the body tissues and fluids. Prompt rehydration is imp...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Teaspoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vertigo: Aside from being the name of a classic 1958 Alfred Hitchcock film (with Jimmy St...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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