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Vomiting and Nausea (cont.)

How to Treat Vomiting and Nausea

Most of the time, nausea and vomiting go away on their own and can be managed at home.

Treatment for nausea and vomiting usually involves medications to decrease the nausea and fluid replacement for dehydration.

What are Vomiting and Nausea Home Remedies?

Patient Comments

The mainstay of home nausea remedies is to drink fluids. Fluid intake helps correct electrolyte imbalance, which may stop the vomiting. Drinking fluids prevents dehydration, which is the main side effect of excessive vomiting.

  • Begin with small amounts, such as small sips. Drink only clear liquids (such as clear soup broth, juice, popsicles, jello, and sports drinks).
  • Avoid milk and any dairy products, which can worsen nausea and vomiting.
  • After 24 hours of tolerating fluids, work up to soft foods, including gelatin, oatmeal, yogurt, and similar soft foods. If vomiting and nausea return, switch back to liquids only, and consult a physician.

Ginger may be used to control nausea and vomiting. Studies have shown it to be effective after surgery and for motion sickness. Ginger comes in gelatin capsules, tea, or candied or crystallized ginger.

Consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements or home remedies for nausea or vomiting.

Dehydration in children: Children should be given oral rehydration solutions such as Pedialyte, Rehydrate, Resol, and Rice-Lyte.

  • Water, soda, tea, and fruit juice will not correctly replace fluid or electrolytes lost with the vomiting. Water may dilute electrolytes to the point where the patient suffers seizures.
  • In underdeveloped nations or regions without available commercial pediatric drinks, the World Health Organization has established a field recipe for fluid rehydration: Mix 2 tablespoons of sugar (or honey) with ¼ teaspoon of table salt and ¼ teaspoon of baking soda. (Baking soda may be substituted with ¼ teaspoon of table salt.) Mix in 1 liter (1 quart) of clean or previously boiled water.

Dehydration in adults: Although adults and adolescents have a larger electrolyte reserve than children, electrolyte imbalance and dehydration may still occur as fluid is lost through vomiting.

  • Initially, adults should eat ice chips and clear, non-caffeinated, non-dairy liquids such as sports drinks, ginger ale, fruit juices, and Kool-Aid or other commercial drink mixes.
  • After 24 hours of fluid diet without vomiting, begin a soft-bland solid diet such as the BRAT diet: bananas, rice, applesauce without sugar, toast, pasta, and potatoes.

What are Vomiting and Nausea Medical Treatment?

  • Fluids are given by mouth if the patient can keep them down, or through a vein into the bloodstream. The IV route is a common way to give fluids back to the body in moderate to severe dehydration.
  • Treatment will also be given for the specific cause, if found.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/2/2016
Medical Editor:

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Vomiting and Nausea:

Nausea And Vomiting - Cause

What was the cause of your nausea and vomiting?

Nausea And Vomiting - Describe Your Experience

Please describe your experience with nausea and vomiting.

Vomiting and Nausea - Home Remedies

What home remedies have you found to be helpful with vomiting and/or nausea?

Vomiting and Nausea - Medications

What over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs have been helpful in relieving nausea and/or vomiting?

Vomiting and Nausea - Prevention

What preventive measures do you take to prevent nausea and vomiting?


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome »

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a chronic functional disorder of unknown etiology that is characterized by paroxysmal, recurrent episodes of vomiting and was first described in children by Samuel Gee in 1882.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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