Walking for Fitness Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Walking for Fitness article.

Abs: Slang term for the abdominal muscles.

Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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BMI: Body mass index.

Body mass index: A key index for relating weight to height. Abbreviated BMI. BMI is a pers...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiac rehabilitation: A program for people with heart disease designed to reduce future ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of con...

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Cross training: Doing two or more aerobic activities such as jogging, bicycling, and swimm...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Department of Health and Human Services: The United States government's principal agency f...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Health and Human Services: The United States government's principal agency for "protecting...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Random: Determined solely by chance.

Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Treadmill: A machine with a moving strip on which one walks without moving forward. A trea...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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