Wegener Granulomatosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Wegener Granulomatosis article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Bloody nose: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the nose. The nose is rich in blood vessel...

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Bronchoscope: A thin, flexible instrument with a lighted viewing tube that is used to visu...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball. It can b...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Coughing up blood: see hemoptysis.

Cystitis: Inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Ear tubes: Formally known as tympanostomy tubes, ear tubes are small tubes, made of severa...

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Eardrum: The tympanic membrane of the ear, or tympanum. The eardrum separates the middle e...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a lev...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hoarseness: Hoarseness is a term referring to abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness may be ma...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Kidney transplant: A surgical procedure using a donor kidney to treat kidney failure.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Middle ear: A part of the ear that consists of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and, beyond...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Nodular: Bumpy.

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Remission: Disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer or other disease. A remission...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Snip: A single base change, a change in which a single base in the DNA differs from the us...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vasculitis: A general term for a group of uncommon diseases that feature inflammation of t...

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Wegener's granulomatosis: An uncommon type of inflammation of small arteries and veins (va...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conne...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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