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West Nile Virus (cont.)

Related Information



  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). West Nile virus, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Available online:

  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). West Nile virus: What you need to know. Available online:

  3. Petersen LR, Marfin AA (2002). West Nile virus: A primer for the clinician. Annals of Internal Medicine, 137(3): 173–179.

  4. Watson JT, et al. (2004). Clinical characteristics and functional outcomes of West Nile fever. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141(5): 360–365.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Public Health Association (2004). Other mosquito-borne and culicoides-borne fevers: Bunyamwera viral fever, Rift Valley fever, West Nile fever, Group C virus disease, Oropouche virus disease. In DL Heymann, ed., Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 18th ed., pp. 45–48. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.

  • Hsia RY (2007). Mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases. In PS Auerbach, ed., Wilderness Medicine, 5th ed., pp. 904–922. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.

  • Petersen LR, et al. (2003). West Nile virus. JAMA, 290(4): 524–528.

  • Tsai TF, et al. (2005). Flaviviruses (yellow fever, dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis). In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 6th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1926–1950. Philadelphia: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

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