West Nile Virus Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the West Nile Virus article.

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dengue: Also known as Dengue fever, an acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset ...

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Dengue fever: An acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset with headache, fever, ...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Endemic: A characteristic of a particular population, environment, or region. Examples of ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flaviviridae: A family of viruses transmitted by mosquitos and ticks that cause some impor...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Lyme disease: An inflammatory disease that is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pesticide: A chemical used to control, repel, or destroy pests of any sort. There are scor...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Vector: In medicine, a carrier of disease or of medication. For example, in malaria a mosq...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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West Nile encephalitis: A febrile disease caused by the West Nile virus that is transmitt...

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West Nile virus: The mosquito-borne virus that causes West Nile fever. One of the flavivi...

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Medical Dictionary