West Nile Virus (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
West Nile Virus and West Nile Encephalitis Causes
West Nile virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected by biting birds (or other animals like horses or dogs) that harbor the virus; thus, mosquitoes are the vectors of West Nile encephalitis (WNE). The virus is not spread from person to person nor is it spread from infected birds to humans without a mosquito bite. The virus has now been found in 111 bird species and about a dozen mammals.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/9/2015
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to West Nile Virus
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about West Nile Virus:
West Nile Virus - Symptoms
What symptoms did you experience with the West Nile virus?
West Nile Virus - Prevention
What measures do you take to prevent infection with West Nile virus?
West Nile Virus Treatment
How was your West Nile virus infection treated?
Brain and Nervous System Resources
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
West Nile encephalitis (WNE) is distinguished from other arthropod-borne causes of viral encephalitis (eg, western equine encephalitis, eastern equine encephalitis [EEE], Japanese encephalitis, Venezuelan encephalitis) based on its geographic distribution, clinical features, and laboratory findings.