Whiplash Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Whiplash article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Chiropractic: A system of diagnosis and treatment based on the concept that the nervous sy...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Contraindication: A condition which makes a particular treatment or procedure potentially ...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nexus: A connection or link. A causal connection. A connected series.

Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Whiplash injury: A hyperextension and flexion injury to the neck, often a result of being ...

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Medical Dictionary