Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Whooping Cough (Pertussis) article.

American Academy of Pediatrics: AAP. Its member pediatricians "dedicate their efforts and ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antimicrobial: A drug used to treat a microbial infection.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Booster shot: An additional dose of a vaccine needed periodically to 'boost' the immune sy...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cilia: The fine hairlike projections from certain cells such as those in the respiratory t...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diphtheria: An acute infectious upper respiratory tract disease that affects the throat. I...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, severe defi...

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DTaP: Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis vaccine.

Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Isolate: To separate from others as during an infectious disease.

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nosebleed: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the nose. The nose is rich in blood vessels ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Otitis: Inflammation of the ear. Depending upon which part of the ear is inflammed, there ...

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Otitis media: Inflammation of the middle ear characterized by the accumulation of infected...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Pertussis: Pertussis, also known as "whooping cough," is a highly contagious, acute respir...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Postpartum: The period just after delivery, as with postpartum depression. Postpartum refe...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

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Reservoir: 1. A place where something such as water is kept in reserve.
2....

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Retinal: Pertaining to the retina, the extraordinary layer of neurons (nerve cells) that ...

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Retinal detachment: A separation of the retina from its connection at the back of the eye....

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Sneeze: 1. As a verb, to suddenly expel air through the nose and mouth by an involu...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Upper respiratory infection: An infection of the upper part of the respiratory system whic...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Whooping cougn: Whooping cough, also known as "pertussis," is a highly contagious, acute r...

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World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

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