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Whooping Cough (Pertussis) (cont.)

Whooping Cough Prognosis

Complications of whooping cough are most commonly seen in children younger than 1 year of age, with an increased risk of severe whooping cough in premature infants.

  • Between 1999-2003, 17,000 children under 2 years of age diagnosed with whooping cough required hospitalization.
  • More than half of infants younger than 1 year of age who get the disease must be hospitalized.
  • In 2012, 18 deaths due to whooping cough were reported by the CDC; the majority of them were infants under 3 months of age.
  • Bacterial pneumonia is the most common complication of whooping cough. It is also the most common cause of pertussis-related deaths. The CDC estimates about one in five infants with pertussis get pneumonia (lung infection).
  • Other complications include bluish skin from lack of oxygen, collapse of a lung, sinusitis, otitis media (ear infection), dehydration, nosebleed, bruising, hernias, retinal detachment, rectal prolapse, seizures, diseases of the brain, and failure to thrive.

REFERENCES:

The Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2005

Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Pertussis." Mar. 26, 2010. <http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring
/diseases/pertussis/en/>.

Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Weekly Epidemiological Record." Nov. 4, 2005. <http://www.who.int/wer/2005/en/wer8004.pdf>.

United States. California Department of Public Health. "Pertussis Report." June 10, 2014. <http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/immunize/Documents/Pertussis_Report_6-10-2014.pdf>.

United States. California Department of Public Health. "Whooping Cough Epidemic May Be Worst in 50 Years." June 23, 2010. <http://www.cdph.ca.gov/Pages/NR10-041.aspx>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "About Pertussis Outbreaks." Aug. 28, 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/outbreaks/about.html>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Combined Tdap Vaccine." Aug. 11, 2009. <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/combo-vaccines/DTaP-Td-DT/tdap.htm>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "NCHS Data on Pertussis Hospitalizations in Young Children." Jan. 7, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/pertussis/pertussis.htm>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis." <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/pert.pdf>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis Outbreak Trends." Aug. 2, 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/outbreaks/trends.html>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis (Whooping Cough)." Aug. 26, 2010. <http://cdc.gov/pertussis/fast-facts.html>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Outbreak - Questions and Answers." Aug. 26, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/outbreaks-faqs.html>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Vaccination." Aug. 26, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/pertussis/default.htm#vacc>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Pertussis (Whooping Cough) - What You Need to Know." May 12, 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/Features/Pertussis/>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "2013 Provisional Pertussis Surveillance Report. Jan. 3, 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/downloads/Pertussis-Surveillance-Report.pdf>.

United States. Washington State Department of Health. "Whooping Cough Case Count Passes 1,000 Cases in WA -- Epidemic Continues." Apr. 24, 2012. <http://www.doh.wa.gov/Publicat/2012_news/12-045.htm>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/18/2014

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