Wilderness: Black Widow and Recluse Spider Bite (cont.)
Spider Bite Treatment
If a black widow spider bite, or brown recluse spider bite is suspected, you
should see your doctor or go to an emergency department immediately.
- Wash the bite with soap and water and remove all jewelry.
Swelling can occur and will make it difficult to remove some jewelry.
- Apply cool compresses.
- Take diphenhydramine (Benadryl) 25- to 50-mg tablets every
six hours for the itch.
- Take acetaminophen (Tylenol),
one to two tablets every four hours, for pain. Avoid
aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve).
The pain resulting from a black widow spider bite is usually so severe that it
will require strong pain medications such as opioids.
- Antibiotics are not helpful unless secondary infection develops.
- Do not cut into the wound or apply suction.
- See a doctor as soon as possible.
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