Wilderness: Burns Topic Guide
Burns: Heat, chemical, or electrical injury to the skin, eyes, nerves, blood vessels, and internal organs can cause burns. First-degree burn symptoms include red skin and local pain (sunburn). Second-degree burns can cause blisters and swelling. Third-degree burns are a medical emergency, and cause white or black charred skin.
Tetanus Tetanus is an infectious disease caused by contamination of wounds from the bacteria Clostridium tetani, or the spores they produce that live in the soil, and animal feces. Symptoms and signs include muscle cramps, lockjaw, weakness, and difficulty swallowing. Tetanus treatment incorporates antibiotics, wound cleansing, pain medicine, sedatives to control muscle spasms, and IV fluids.
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