Scuba Diving: Decompression Illness Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Scuba Diving: Decompression Illness article.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymphatics: Small thin channels similar to blood vessels that do not carry blood, but coll...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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