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Diabetic Reaction

Diabetic Reaction Overview

There are two main forms of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: Absent or low insulin preventing cells from taking up and using glucose for energy, generally requires insulin injections
  • Type 2 diabetes: Cell resistance to insulin preventing glucose uptake, generally requires medication to improve the sensitivity of cells to insulin

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) is the most common form of diabetic reaction. A low blood sugar diabetic reaction is caused by increased exertion and use of glucose. The body may "run out" of glucose stores more quickly, thus bringing on a hypoglycemic attack. Persistent excessive alcohol intake may cause this reaction because alcohol decreases glucose stores in the liver.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) is a rare problem in most people with diabetes. High blood sugar can be brought on by infections or other significant stresses that cause the body to decrease cell uptake of glucose. Decreased cell uptake of glucose leads to high blood sugar levels and to the use of fats for energy by starving cells. This increases the acidity of the blood and leads to symptoms of high blood sugar.

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Diabetes Insipidus »

Central diabetes insipidus (DI) is characterized by decreased secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known as arginine vasopressin (AVP), that results in polyuria and polydipsia by diminishing the patient's ability to concentrate urine.

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