Wilderness: Diabetic Reaction Topic Guide
Diabetic Reaction: There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There are two types of diabetic reactions; 1) low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and 2)high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness; headache; rapid onset of cool, pale, moist, and clammy skin; rapid pulse; and shallow breathing. Treatment is to have the person with diabetes suffering the reaction eat or drink something with sugar such as juice, candy, or another sweet substance. Hyperglycemia is less common and the symptoms can occur over several days. Medical treatment is generally needed.
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is caused by overmedication, use of certain medications, use of alcohol, missed meals, kidney or liver infection, and more. Common symptoms of hypoglycemia include: trembling, clammy skin, palpitations, anxiety, sweating, hunger, and irritability. Treatment of hypoglycemia in a person with diabetes is glucose (sugar). If the cause is another disease or condition, treatment will depend on the cause of the hypoglycemia.