Wilderness: Diabetic Reaction Topic Guide
Diabetic Reaction: There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There are two types of diabetic reactions; 1) low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and 2)high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness; headache; rapid onset of cool, pale, moist, and clammy skin; rapid pulse; and shallow breathing. Treatment is to have the person with diabetes suffering the reaction eat or drink something with sugar such as juice, candy, or another sweet substance. Hyperglycemia is less common and the symptoms can occur over several days. Medical treatment is generally needed.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when a person with diabetes becomes dehydrated. Causes of diabetic ketoacidosis include infection, missed insulin, or newly diagnosed diabetes. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include excessive thirst, vomiting, confusion, dry skin, dry mouth, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, and more. Treatment is includes fluid and insulin replacement with possible hospitalization.