Wilderness: Diabetic Reaction Topic Guide
Diabetic Reaction: There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There are two types of diabetic reactions; 1) low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and 2)high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness; headache; rapid onset of cool, pale, moist, and clammy skin; rapid pulse; and shallow breathing. Treatment is to have the person with diabetes suffering the reaction eat or drink something with sugar such as juice, candy, or another sweet substance. Hyperglycemia is less common and the symptoms can occur over several days. Medical treatment is generally needed.
High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) is when the body's blood sugar rises. Blood sugar levels can be measured using a blood glucose meter. Diabetes mellitus is a common cause of high blood sugar. Symptoms include dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue. Treatment includes diet, exercise, and medications