Wilderness: Diabetic Reaction Topic Guide
Diabetic Reaction: There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There are two types of diabetic reactions; 1) low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and 2)high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness; headache; rapid onset of cool, pale, moist, and clammy skin; rapid pulse; and shallow breathing. Treatment is to have the person with diabetes suffering the reaction eat or drink something with sugar such as juice, candy, or another sweet substance. Hyperglycemia is less common and the symptoms can occur over several days. Medical treatment is generally needed.
Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) There are two types of diabetes, type 1 (insulin dependent), and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). type 1 diabetes is caused by heredity, environmental factors, or ethnicity. Type 2 diabetes is caused by high blood pressure, high lipid levels, high-fat diet, high alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, ethnicity, or age. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injection. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or managed with medication, diet, exercise, and quitting smoking.