Fractures or Dislocations
Types of Fractures or Dislocations
- A fracture is a break or crack in the bone. Several types of fractures exist, but fractures resulting in bone fragments that penetrate the surface of the skin (called compound fractures or open fractures) are particularly dangerous. Loss of normal positioning of the fractured extremity can obstruct blood flow to the affected limb.
- A dislocation occurs when 2 bones are out of place at the joint that connects them.
- Dislocation may also cause injury to nerves and blood vessels.
- Joints that become dislocated and later heal are more likely to become dislocated again.
Fractures or Dislocations Symptoms
- Tenderness, swelling, deformity, and discoloration occur with fractures and/or dislocations.
- Bleeding occurs when a fractured bone pierces the skin (a compound or open fracture).
- Sensation may be lost below the fracture or dislocation, indicating possible nerve and/or blood vessel injury.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/3/2016
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
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