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Fractures or Dislocations

Fractures or Dislocations Overview

A fracture is a break or crack in the bone. Several types of fractures exist, but fractures resulting in bone fragments that penetrate the surface of the skin (called compound fractures or open fractures) are particularly dangerous. Loss of normal positioning of the fractured extremity can obstruct blood flow to the affected limb.

A dislocation occurs when 2 bones are out of place at the joint that connects them. Dislocation may also cause injury to nerves and blood vessels. Joints that become dislocated and later heal are more likely to become dislocated again.

Fractures or Dislocations Symptoms

  • Tenderness, swelling, deformity, and discoloration occur with fractures and/or dislocations.
  • Bleeding occurs when a fractured bone pierces the skin (a compound or open fracture).
  • Sensation may be lost below the fracture or dislocation, indicating possible nerve and/or blood vessel injury.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/8/2014
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Fracture, Knee »

Fractures of the knee include fractures of the patella, femoral condyles, tibial eminence, tibial tuberosity, and tibial plateau.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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