Neck and Back Injuries Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Neck and Back Injuries article.

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar strain: A stretching injury to the ligaments, tendons, and/or muscles of the low ba...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Sciatica: Pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve and typically radiates fr...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal cord injury: Trauma or damage to the spinal cord, the major column of nerve tissue ...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Vertebral column: The 33 vertebrae that fit together to form a flexible, yet extraordinari...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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