Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Sea Snake Bite Sea snakes are generally not aggressive unless provoked or cornered. Sea snakes are highly venomous. Symptoms from a sea snake bite will occur within three hours of the bite and include painful muscles, inability to move the legs, joint aches, blurred vision, thick tongue, excessive saliva production, vomiting, and droopy eyelids. There is an antivenom available for sea snake bites.