Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (Ciguatera Toxin) Ciguatera is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxinfound in large reef fish (most commonly in the Caribbean). Symptoms include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, muscle pain, numbness, tingling, dizziness, and vertigo. Ciguatera toxin fish poisoning may be a medical emergency and the poison control center, or emergency department should be consulted. The National Poison Control Center hotline in the United States is 1-800-222-1222.