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Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Tooth Squeeze Tooth squeeze is a painful condition that occurs during the ascent while scuba diving. As the scuba diver ascends to the surface, air that has become trapped in a cavity or dental filling expands causing pain. Treatment for tooth squeeze include over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Medical care should be sought should the pain not resolve.