Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Sea Sponge Irritation Sea sponges grow on shells, stones, or other solid objects on the ocean floor. Accidental contact with the sea sponge is generally the cause of irritation. Symptoms of sea sponge irritation include itchy, stinging, prickly sensation at the site of irritation; burning, pain, blisters, and joint swelling; cases of extensive body exposure can lead to fever, chills, dizziness, nausea, and muscle cramps. Treatment is cleaning the affected area and OTC treatment.