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Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Scuba Diving: Barotrauma and Decompression Sickness Barotrauma and decompression sickness refers to medical problems that occur during diving. These problems include decompression illness (the bends), external ear squeeze, middle ear squeeze, inner ear barotrauma, sinus squeeze, face mask squeeze, suit squeeze, lung squeeze, tooth squeeze, and gastric squeeze (aerogastralgia). Treatment is determined by the type of injury or medical problem.