Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Scombroid Poisoning (Fish Poisoning) Scombroid poisoning is poisoning due to the ingestion of contaminated fish. Bacteria have grown during the improper storage of the dark meat of the fish and these bacteria produce scombroid toxin. Scombroid poisoning symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, headache, itching, hives, palpitations, and fever. Treatment of scombroid poisoning depend on the patient's symptoms, amount of contaminated fish ingested, and time of ingestion.