Wilderness: Sea Urchin Puncture Topic Guide
Dive Medicine: Sea Urchin Puncture Wound: Sea urchins are non-aggressive marine animals and have spines and pedicellaria (venomous organs). Symptoms include redness and swelling around the area or fatigue, muscle aches, weakness, shock, or respiratory failure if the puncture wound is deep. Treatment of sea urchin puncture wounds are removal of th spines and pedicellaria. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection occurs.
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Scuba Diving: Fire Coral Cuts Fire corals are not true corals. Fire corals are members of the Cnidaria phylum, and although fire coral looks like coral, it is more closely related to jellyfish and other stinging anemones. Symptoms of a fire coral sting or cut is an immediate burning sensation and stinging pain; a red rash, lymph node swelling, and nausea and vomiting may occur. Most treatment of fire coral does need medical attention; however, if the cut or sting area develops pus, a blister, or red streaks appear around the injury, seek medical care immediately.