Wounds and Wound Care
Wound Care Facts
- The skin is a barrier to the outside world protecting the body from
infection, radiation, and extremes of temperature.
- There are many types of wounds that can damage the skin including abrasions,
lacerations, rupture injuries, punctures, and penetrating wounds.
- Many wounds are superficial requiring local first aid including cleansing and
- Some wounds are deeper and need medical attention to prevent infection and
loss of function, due to damage to underlying structures like bone, muscle,
tendon, arteries and nerves.
- The purpose of medical care for wounds is to prevent complications and preserve
function. While important, cosmetic results are not the primary consideration
for wound repair.
- Animal and
human bites should always be seen by
a medical professional because of
the high rate of infection.
- It is important to know a person's
tetanus immunization status (for example,
has the person had a tetanus shot or booster vaccine in the last 5 years?) so
that it can be updated with a tetanus booster if needed.
Must Read Articles Related to Wound Care
Cuts or Lacerations
A cut refers to a skin wound with separation of the connective tissue elements. Unlike an abrasion (a wound caused by friction or scraping), none of the skin is...learn more >>
A puncture wound is caused by an object piercing the skin such as nails, glass, pins, or other sharp objects. A puncture wound can become infected if not treate...learn more >>
Stitches or sutures are methods used to close wounds, cuts, lacerations, or surgical procedures. There are two types of sutures, absorbable and nonabsorbable. O...learn more >>
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