Wounds (Care) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Wounds (Care) article.

Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Baseline: Information or data gathered at the beginning of a period from which variations ...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Capillary: A tiny blood vessel that connects an arteriole (the smallest division of an art...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Collagen: The principal protein of the skin, tendons, cartilage, bone, and connective tiss...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Dermis: The lower or inner layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin.Th...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dialysis: The process of cleansing the blood by passing it through a special machine. Dial...

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Epidermal: Pertaining to the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin.

Epidermis: The upper or outer layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin....

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Fluoroscopy: An x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion.

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Laceration: A cut.

Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Needle stick: See: Needlestick injury.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Physiologic: Something that is normal, that is due neither to anything pathologic nor sign...

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Pigment: A substance that gives color to tissue. Pigments are responsible for the colors o...

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Poor circulation: An inadequacy of blood flow. Inadequate blood flow to a particular area ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rabies: A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. Rabie...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Ultraviolet radiation: Invisible rays that are part of the energy that comes from the su...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Medical Dictionary