Wound Care (cont.)
Wound Care Diagnosis
X-rays may be taken to look for broken bones (fractures). X-rays may also be helpful in looking for foreign objects that may have been embedded in the laceration. Fluoroscopy done at the bedside may help find foreign bodies that are deeply buried. Ultrasound may also be used to assist in diagnosis of foreign bodies in the wound. Fluoroscopy and ultrasound are only available in the emergency department and hospitals.
Wound Home Remedies
- Most wounds may be cared for at home. Superficial abrasions and lacerations can be cleaned, an antibacterial ointment applied, and then covered with a band-aid or light bandage.
- Bleeding can often be controlled with direct pressure to the wound, and if possible, elevating the bleeding site above the level of the heart. This allows gravity to help decrease blood flow to the injury. Most bleeding will stop within 10 minutes, at which point, a dressing can be placed over the wound.
- If bleeding is not an problem, the wound can be cleaned using tap water to wash out any debris to decrease the risk of infection. River and lake water can contain many types of bacteria that can cause significant infection. It is not recommended to clean wounds with contaminated water.
- Deeper wounds are painful and scrubbing is not necessarily advised.
- If a wound needs medical care, there are steps that can be taken at home to begin treatment. Unless there is a significant underlying injury, there is ample time to seek medical care and it is appropriate to take a few minutes to clean and dress the wound.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/2/2016
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