Yoga Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Yoga article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Alternative medicine: Healing arts not taught in traditional Western medical schools that ...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic pain: Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over ...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Evolution: The continuing process of change.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hypothalamus: The area of the brain that secretes substances that influence pituitary and ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Low back pain: Pain in the lower back area that can relate to problems with the lumbar spi...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Substance abuse: The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug. (There is...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Traumatic brain injury: Brain damage from trauma. The three leading causes of death from t...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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YAMA: See: Caspase 3.

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