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Symptoms and Signs of Acid Reflux (GERD)

Doctor's Notes on Acid Reflux (GERD)

Acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a condition in which the acid contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus (swallowing tube or food tube). This can cause damage and irritation of the lining of the esophagus. The cause of GERD is believed to be complex and is not fully understood. Conditions such as lower esophageal sphincter abnormalities, abnormal contractions of the esophagus, hiatal hernias, and slow or prolonged emptying of the stomach are believed to play a role.

The main symptoms associated with GERD are heartburn, nausea, and regurgitation. Heartburn is felt as a burning pain in the middle chest. It can sometimes feel like pressure and may mimic the pain of heart disease. Regurgitation is the presence of refluxed liquid in the mouth.

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

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