Doctor's Notes on Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets. There are different subtypes of AML and it is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults. Adult acute myeloid leukemia usually worsens quickly if it is not treated. It is also called acute myelogenous leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia.
Early symptoms of adult acute myeloid leukemia are often similar to those caused by the flu or other common illness and may include fever, shortness of breath, easy bruising or bleeding, petechiae (flat, pinpoint reddish-purple spots under the skin caused by bleeding), weakness or feeling tired, and weight loss or loss of appetite. Other symptoms of AML include weakness, infection, pale skin (pallor), headache, and low blood cell counts (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets).
Must Read Articles:
ChemotherapyChemotherapy or "chemo" is a treatment for cancer. Depending on the type of cancer an individual has, it can cure cancer, control cancer. or ease cancer symptoms. There are a variety of cancer drugs. There are a number of support groups to assist chemotherapy patients gain the help they need to move through this very trying treatment.
CT Scan (CAT Scan, Computerized Axial Tomography)What is a CT scan? Computerized tomography scans (CT scans) are important diagnostic tools for a variety of medical conditions. Some areas of the body frequently evaluated by CT scans include the brain, neck, spine, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and sinuses. The CT scan process uses X-rays and a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the body.
Fever (in Adults)A fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
LeukemiaLeukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. Fevers, night sweats, frequent infections, fatigue, weight loss, and easy bleeding or bruising are symptoms of leukemia. Leukemia is diagnosed with blood tests, biopsies, chest X-rays, and lumbar puncture. Treatment for leukemia may involve chemotherapy, targeted therapy, biological therapy, radiation, stem cell transplantation, surgery, or a combination of these. Many factors determine the prognosis for leukemia.
Weight LossObesity is simply the accumulation of excess body fat. It is much more than that, however. Obesity is a chronic (long-term) disease that is very difficult to treat. It takes 3,500 extra calories to gain 1 pound. To lose weight, you must eat 3,500 calories less than you need, say, 500 fewer calories per day for one week, to lose 1 pound.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.