Doctor's Notes on Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lymph system; there are many types: cancerous and benign. General signs and symptoms of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma may include swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, groin, and/or stomach. Fever, weight loss, and pains in the chest, abdomen, or bones can occur -- all for unknown reasons. Other symptoms and signs include
If fever, night sweats, and weight loss occur together, the group is termed B symptoms. In addition, other signs and symptoms may occur depending on where the cancer occurs in the body, the tumor size, and how fast it grows.
The cause of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma is unclear but may begin in B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, or natural killer cells that become abnormal.
What Are the Treatments for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Treatments vary; if the lymphoma is slow growing, you may not need any immediate treatments, just regular checkups. If it is more aggressive, options include the following:
- Chemotherapy: cancer-killing drugs
- Radiation therapy: X-ray or proton beam killing of lymphoma cells
- Targeted drug therapy: blocks agents certain cancer cells need
- Immune cellular therapy: your T cells trained to fight specific non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cancer cells
- Bone marrow transplant: infusion of healthy donor bone marrow
- Immunotherapy: compounds interfering with cancer cell's ability to hide from immune defense mechanisms
Your doctors may choose to use some of the above treatments in combination, especially if your disease is aggressive.
Superfoods : List of Top Superfoods QuizQuestion
Which is one of the few drinks to be considered a superfood?See Answer
Must Read Articles:
ChemotherapyChemotherapy or "chemo" is a treatment for cancer. Depending on the type of cancer an individual has, it can cure cancer, control cancer. or ease cancer symptoms. There are a variety of cancer drugs. There are a number of support groups to assist chemotherapy patients gain the help they need to move through this very trying treatment.
Chest PainChest pain has a variety of noncardiac and cardiac causes, some of which can be very serious. Signs and symptoms of chest pain may include burning, squeezing, or heaviness in the chest. Atherosclerosis, angina, lung tumors, chest trauma, abdominal pain, and gastric reflux are just a few potential causes of chest pain. Chest pain is diagnosed by taking the patient history and performing a physical exam. Blood work, imaging tests, and an exercise stress test may be ordered. The treatment and prognosis of chest pain depends on the underlying cause.
Fever in AdultsA fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
LymphomaLymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system. Symptoms include fevers, chills, itching, enlarged spleen, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment depends upon the type and stage of the lymphoma, in addition to the age and overall health of the individual.
Night Sweats (in Men and Women)Night sweats refer to excess sweating occurring during the night. Causes include menopause, infections such as TB, appendicitis and diverticulitis, cancer; medications like aspirin, other NSAIDs, and antidepressants, diabetes, low testosterone, and hormone disorders. Depending on the cause, in addition to sweating at night, symptoms may include flushing, fever, or chills. Treatment depends on the underlying cause.
RashA rash is a visible skin outbreak. Examples of noninfectious rashes include eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, hives, and allergic dermatitis. Types of infectious rashes include ringworm, impetigo, scabies, herpes, chickenpox, and shingles. Rashes may be caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Treatment depends upon the type of rash.
Swollen Lymph NodesLymph nodes (part of the lymphatic system) may signal infection if they are swollen. Types of conditions that involve swollen lymph nodes include: infection, virus, inflammation, or cancers. Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes depend upon the location. Treatment of swollen lymph nodes also depends upon the location and reason for the enlargement.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.