Doctor's Notes on How Long Does a Sprained Ankle (Twisted Ankle) Take to Heal?
A sprained ankle is an injury to the ligaments of the ankle. In a sprain, the ligaments supporting the ankle joint become partially or completely torn. An ankle sprain is most commonly caused by sudden stretching due to a twisting movement, such as occurs when playing sports or stepping off on an uneven surface.
Signs and symptoms of a sprained ankle include pain, swelling, and tenderness of the ankle. Other associated symptoms can include the inability to bear weight on the ankle, inability to walk, and bruising of the skin around the injured area. A pop or tear can sometimes be felt at the time of the injury. The signs and symptoms can vary in severity depending on the extent of damage to the ligaments.
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Pain MedicationsThe effects of pain medication are different for each person. Pain also varies in tolerance as well from person to person. There are several different pain medications such as NSAIDS, acetaminophen, and narcotics. The most commonly prescribed narcotics are morphine (MS Contin, Avinza, Kadain, Oramorph), oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone, M-oxy, ETH-Oxydose, Oxyfast, OxylR), fentanyl (Duragesic, Fentanyl Patch), oxymorphone (Opana), and methadone (Methadose) Narcotic pain medications can lead to physical addiction. Symptoms of physical addiction to narcotics include flu-like symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bone aches, feeling like you are "crawling out of your skin," goose bumps, chills, tremor, and difficulty sleeping. These symptoms are all medical concerns and should be treated medically.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.