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Ankylosing Spondylitis, Neurologic Perspective (cont.)

Is It Possible to Prevent Ankylosing Spondylitis?

  • Daily bending, twisting, and gentle range of motion exercises help prevent postural deformities and restriction of joint movement and improve the quality of living with AS. Stretching exercises minimize the long-term impact of spinal stiffness and restrictions.
  • Breathing exercises are recommended to prevent chest wall immobility. Cessation of smoking is mandatory.

What Is the Prognosis of Ankylosing Spondylitis?

  • Symptoms of pain and stiffness are common and may be moderately severe to severe. People with ankylosing spondylitis have few problems with social interactions, although depression is common.
  • Most people remain employed, and relatively few develop severe functional disability. Disability correlates with the duration of disease, disease activity, and spinal mobility. Peripheral joint involvement also results in greater impairment.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Pictures

Sacroiliitis. Pelvic X-ray film showing erosion of the sacroiliac joints.
Sacroiliitis. Pelvic X-ray film showing erosion of the sacroiliac joints.

Vertebral fusion. Cervical X-ray film showing ankylosis of all cervical joints from the second cervical vertebrae downward.
Vertebral fusion. Cervical X-ray film showing ankylosis of all cervical joints from the second cervical vertebrae downward.

Bamboo spine. Lumbar X-ray film showing complete fusion of the lumbar vertebral bodies.
Bamboo spine. Lumbar X-ray film showing complete fusion of the lumbar vertebral bodies.

REFERENCES:

Klippel, J.H., et al. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. New York: Springer, 2008.

Yu, David T. "Assessment and Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis in Adults." Apr. 21, 2016. UpToDate.com. <https://www.uptodate.com/contents/assessment-and-treatment-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-adults>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/11/2017

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