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Anorexia Nervosa (cont.)

What Is the Follow-up for Anorexia Nervosa?

Treatment of anorexia nervosa often takes years, during which time close follow-up with a doctor is essential.

What Is the Prognosis for Anorexia Nervosa?

  • Death from the medical complications of anorexia or from suicide can be as high as 18%. Having the disease for a long time heightens the risk of death or severe complications.
  • About half of those affected will make a full recovery.
  • Some people will develop chronic relapses.
  • Coexisting psychiatric conditions may worsen the prognosis.


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

American Psychiatric Association. "DSM-5 proposed revisions will include binge eating disorder and revisions to other eating disorders criteria." News Release Embargoed For Release Until 2/10/10, Arlington, Virginia.

Attia, E., and B.T. Walsh. "Behavioral management for anorexia nervosa." New England Journal of Medicine 360 (2009): 500-506.

Bissada, H., G.A. Tasca, A.M. Barber, and J. Bradwein. "Olanzapine in the treatment of low body weight and obsessive thinking in women with anorexia nervosa: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial." American Journal of Psychiatry 165 (2008): 1281-1288.

Committee on Adolescence. "Policy statement: Identifying and treating eating disorders." Pediatrics 111.1 Jan. 2003: 204-211.

Grave, R.D. "Excessive and compulsive exercise in eating disorders: prevalence, associated features and management." Directions in Psychiatry 28 (2008): 273-282.

Karlsson, M.K., S.J. Weigall, Y. Duan, and E. Seeman. "Bone size and volumetric density in women with anorexia nervosa receiving estrogen replacement therapy and in women recovered from anorexia nervosa." Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 85.9 Sept. 2000: 3177-3182.

Nicholls, D.E., and R.M. Viner. "Childhood risk factors for lifetime anorexia nervosa by age 30 years in a national birth cohort." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48.8 Aug. 2009: 791-799.

Pallanti, S., and L. Salerno. "ADHD: The dark side of eating disorders." Evidence-based psychiatric care 2 (2016): 24-31.

Raevuori, A., H.W. Hoek, E. Susser, J. Kaprio, A. Rissanen, et al. "Epidemiology of Anorexia Nervosa in Men: A Nationwide Study of Finnish Twins." PLoS One 4.2 (2009).

Santonastaso, P., et al. "Typical and atypical restrictive anorexia nervosa: weight history, body image, psychiatric symptoms and response to outpatient treatment." International Journal of Eating Disorders 42 (2009): 464-470.

Walsh, B.T., A.S. Kaplan, E. Attia, M. Olmsted, M. Parides, et al. "Fluoxetine after weight restoration in anorexia nervosa." Journal of the American Medical Association 295.22 (2006): 2605-2612.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/21/2017

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Anorexia Nervosa »

Richard Morton first described anorexia nervosa more than 300 years ago, in 1689, as a condition of "a Nervous Consumption" caused by "sadness, and anxious Cares."

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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