Anthrax: Anthrax is described in the early literature of the Greeks, Romans, and Hindus. The fifth plague, described in the book of Genesis, may be among the earliest descriptions of anthrax. Anthrax is a disease caused by exposure to Bacillus anthracis spores. Symptoms of anthrax include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, chest pain, fever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and pimple-like lesions, followed by black scabs. Anthrax is treated by antibiotics.
Biological Warfare Biological weapons include any organism (such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi) or toxin found in nature that can be used to kill or injure people. Types of biological agents include anthrax, plague, cholera, tularemia, brucellosis, Q fever, smallpox, monkeypox, arboviral encephalitides, viral hemorrhagic fevers (like Marburg and Ebola virus), staphylococcoal enterotoxin B, ricin, botulinum toxin, mycotoxins, glanders, typhus, and anti-crop biological agents.