Are Lupus and Lupus Anticoagulant the Same?

Reviewed on 4/14/2022
Are Lupus and Lupus Anticoagulant the Same
Lupus and lupus anticoagulant are not the same. Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease, and lupus anticoagulant is a type of antibody found in blood.

Lupus and lupus anticoagulant are not the same. 

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own organs and tissues, causing inflammation and pain, commonly in the skin, joints, and internal organs such as the heart and kidneys, though it can affect any part of the body. 

Lupus anticoagulant is a type of antibody found in blood that can be an indicator of a blood clotting disorder. A test used to diagnose lupus is a blood test for antiphospholipid antibodies (lupus anticoagulant [LA], immunoglobulin [Ig] G and IgM anticardiolipin [aCL] antibodies, and IgG and IgM anti-beta2-glycoprotein [GP] 1). About half of all people with lupus have these antibodies. One of these antibodies is the lupus anticoagulant. If the lupus anticoagulant is positive, over a 20-year period of time, 50% of these patients will experience a blood clot

What Other Tests Are Used to Diagnose Lupus?

Other tests used to help diagnose lupus or rule out other conditions include:

What Are Symptoms of Lupus?

Symptoms of lupus include:

SLIDESHOW

Lupus Symptoms, Rash, and Treatment See Slideshow

What Is the Treatment for Lupus?

Lupus is usually treated with medications to help manage symptoms, such as:

  • Anti-inflammatories and steroids 
  • Antimalarials (to help protect skin from rashes and UV light)
  • Biologics 
  • Immunosuppressives 
  • Anticoagulants 

Home treatment that may help patients manage symptoms of lupus include:

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Reviewed on 4/14/2022
References
Image Source: iStock Images

https://www.lupus.org/

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/epidemiology-and-pathogenesis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus?search=What%20Causes%20Lupus%3F&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H7

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnosis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-adults?search=Lupus&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1#H2215760526

https://www.cdc.gov/lupus/basics/women.htm

https://www.hopkinslupus.org/lupus-tests/antiphospholipid-antibodies/