Symptoms and Signs of Arthritis

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Arthritis

Arthritis is a joint disorder that features inflammation of the joint. Signs and symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Any joint can develop arthritis; the pain may be intermittent or constant. Many of the forms of arthritis can cause signs and symptoms in various organs. Consequently, in addition to joint problems, certain forms of arthritis can also have signs and symptoms that include fever, lymph gland swelling, fatigue, weight loss, malaise and be related to abnormalities in organs such as the lungs, heart and/or kidneys.

Causes of arthritis depends upon the underlying problems or forms that trigger the disease. Causes include injury (over use of joints), metabolism (gout), genetics and/or inheritance (osteoarthritis), infection (Lyme disease), immune mediated (rheumatoid arthritis), systemic lupus erythematosus). Arthritis is classified as rheumatic disease; there are many forms of arthritis as over 100 have been described.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.