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Ascites (cont.)

Follow-up for Diuretic Therapy

Body weight is used as a measurement of ascites control. The goal for diuretic therapy is to lose between one to two pounds of weight per day depending upon the underlying medical conditions. Once most of the ascites fluid is gone, medication dosing will be individualized to the patient's needs.

Ascites Prevention

Though there are many causes of ascites, the most preventable cause is alcohol abuse. Patients who drink alcohol to excess are at risk for developing liver failure and subsequent ascites.

Ascites Outlook (Prognosis)

Alcohol abuse is the most easily treated cause of ascites and has the best outcome. Still, for those patients who develop ascites from cirrhosis, half will die within three years. If refractory ascites occurs, the mortality rate at one year is 50%.

Medically reviewed by John A. Daller, MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialty certification in surgical critical care


Runyon, BA. "AASLD Practice Guidelines. Management of Adult Patients with Ascites Due to Cirrhosis: An Update." Hepatology, Vol. 49, No. 6, 2009

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/10/2016

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