Must Read Articles:
Allergic ReactionAn allergic reaction is an overreaction to a harmless substance. Symptoms and signs of an allergic reaction include hives, rashes, swelling, itching, wheezing, nausea, and even anaphylactic shock in severe reactions. Treatment involves avoiding triggers, taking oral antihistamines, applying anti-inflammatory steroid creams, and using an EpiPen.
Understanding Allergy and Hay Fever MedicationsThere are many types of medications available to combat the symptoms of allergies and hay fever. The types of medications include antihistamines (Claritin, Zyrtec), decongestants (Sudafed), anticholinergic nasal sprays (Atrovent), corticosteroid nasal sprays (Flonase, Nasonex), antiallergy eyedrops (Patanol), leukotriene inhibitors (Singulair), and mast cell inhibitors (Nasalcrom).
Asthma in PregnancyExperiencing an asthma attack during pregnancy may deprive the fetus of oxygen, so it's important to continue taking the asthma medication that you took before becoming pregnant, especially if your asthma was well controlled. Though it's impossible to predict how pregnancy may affect your asthma, it's important to note that your asthma can still be controlled during pregnancy.
Asthma FAQsAsthma is a disease marked by inflammation of the airways that cause difficulty breathing. Ther are millions who suffer from this chronic disease, and this article covers some of their frequently asked questions (FAQs).
Asthma in ChildrenChildren account for 47.8% of asthma-related visits to the emergency department. Asthma symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. Treatment focuses on managing the child's symptoms and preventing future asthma attacks with medicines that provide the best results with the fewest side effects.
Understanding Asthma MedicationsAsthma is a disease that affects the breathing passages of the lungs (bronchi and bronchioles). Asthma is caused by chronic (ongoing, long-term) inflammation of these passages. Asthma medications include corticosteroid inhalers, oral and intravenous corticosteroids, leukotriene inhibitors, beta-agonists, anticholinergic inhalers, methylxanthines, mast cell inhibitors, and monoclonal antibodies.
BronchitisBronchitis is acute or chronic inflammation of the air passages in the lungs. There are several viruses and bacteria that cause bronchitis. Exposure to pollutants or tobacco smoke are also at risk. Bronchitis is contagious if it is viral or bacterial. It is not contagious if it is due to smoking, air pollution, and other inhaled irritants. Symptoms of bronchitis include cough, sore throat, wheezing, fever, chills, etc. Treatment for bronchitis depends on the cause.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition in which there is a long-lasting obstruction of the airways, and occurs with emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or asthma. Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and environmental tobacco smoke, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, airway hyper-responsiveness, and air pollution. Symptoms of COPD include a productive cough and acute chest illness, shortness of breath, wheezing, heart failure, cyanosis, and weight loss. Treatment of COPD includes medications, oxygen therapy, surgery, and lung transplant.
CoughsA cough is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition. A chronic or persistent cough may signal certain lung conditions that should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Common causes of coughs include infection, allergies, lung disease, medications, and GERD (reflux). Acute coughs are categorized as infectious or non-infectious. Chronic cough (persistent cough) have a variety of causes and should be evaluated by physician. Treatment of cough, acute cough, chronic or persistent cough depends on the cause of the cough.
EmphysemaEmphysema a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs. The most common symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath. Causes and risk factors for emphysema include cigarette smoking, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, air pollution, abnormal airway reactivity, gender, and age. Treatment includes medication, lifestyle changes (quitting smoking), surgery, and lung transplantation.
Exercise-Induced AsthmaOftentimes, exercise may trigger an asthma attack. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, chest pain, and fatigue. Treatment involves forming an action plan with your health-care provider and taking asthma medications as advised.
Occupational AsthmaAsthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways caused by external triggers. Occupational asthma is asthma caused by something inhaled at the workplace, such as: fumes, dust, smoke, chemicals, vapors, allergens, or molds. Workplace triggers may also include temperature extremes or stress.
Severe Allergic Reaction (Anaphylactic Shock)The severe reaction of anaphylaxis is an immune allergic response that is life-threatening. The symptoms are breathing problems, shock, or death. Reactions may result from an insect sting or certain foods to which the body has been "sensitized" and has developed a powerful antigen for. Anaphylaxis occurs when the imune system overreacts to the antigen.
Sinus InfectionSinus infections and sinusitis is a condition in which the sinuses become inflamed and/or infected. Sinus infection symptoms and signs include bad breath, runny or stuffy nose, or nasal congestion, facial pain and swelling, tooth pain, ringing in the ears, sinus headache, fever, sore throat and cough.
Take the Asthma QuizDo you know your facts about asthma? Take the quiz and see.
Expert Views and News
- Vaginal Birth, Breastfeeding Reduce Allergies, Asthma
- Big Changes in Asthma Treatment Guidelines
- Antibiotics Cause Longer Hospital Stays for Asthma
- Label Mix-Up Prompts Asthma/Allergy Med Recall
- Regular Use of Bleach Linked to COPD
- COPD: 3.2 Million Deaths Worldwide in 2015
- Kids With Asthma More Likely to Develop Obesity
- Wildfire Smoke Chokes Southeast, Health Risks
- World Asthma Day 2016
- FDA Approves Drug to Treat Severe Asthma
- Air Pollution Linked to Preterm Birth With Asthma
- Asthma Appears to Double Chronic Migraine Risk
- Asthma Drug Use in Infants Linked to Stunted Growth
- Over-the-Counter, Homeopathic Asthma Product Risks
- Urine Test for Kids With Asthma Shows Promise
- Pollution Down, but Health Risks Persist
- Adult Asthma Linked to Higher Dementia Risk
- Small Heart, Stroke Risks From Asthma Drug: FDA
- FDA OKs New Once-Daily Asthma Treatment
- FDA to Complete Phase-Out of Chlorofluorocarbon In
- Asthma Drug Takes the Itch Out of Chronic Hives
- Mild Asthma Patients May Do OK With Less Steroids
- Asthma Drug Shown to Stunt Growth
- Generic Singulair Approved
- How Renting Instead of Owning Can Hurt Your Asthma
- Asthma an Often Unrecognized Risk for Older People
- The Worst Cities in the U.S. for Asthma
- Nation's Air Improving, Even in L.A.
- Male Pattern Baldness: New Root Cause Found?
- Study Links Common Household Products to Asthma
- Farm Life Linked to Fewer Allergies, Less Asthma
- Can Herbs Fight Asthma?
- Breastfeeding OK for Moms With Asthma
- Asthma Drugs During Pregnancy Linked to Slight Risk of Rare Birth Defects
- Why Don't Some People With Asthma Respond to Medication?
- Asthma Drugs Riskier for Kids Than Adults
- Primatene Users: Get Asthma Prescription Now
- Mold Exposure in Infancy Raises Asthma Risk
- Electromagnetic Fields Linked to Asthma in Kids
- Asthma Genes Found in Africans, Japanese
- Asthma Study Shows Placebo Can Help Symptoms
- Allergy Self-Diagnosis Leads to Misdiagnosis
- Antibiotic Use May Be Linked to Kids' Asthma Risk
- Pills as Effective as Inhalers for Asthma
- Acetaminophen in Pregnancy: Link to Baby's Asthma?
- Technique May Help Diagnose Asthma, COPD
- Alternative Way to Treat Childhood Asthma?
- Asthma a Problem for Millions
- Recall of Albuterol Used in Nebulizers
- Low Vitamin D in Newborns Linked to Wheezing
- Food Allergies Linked to Asthma Risk
- Vitamin D May Improve Asthma Control
- Acetaminophen: Teen Asthma Trigger?
- FDA Approves New Device for Asthma Relief
- Traffic Pollution Raises ER Visits for Asthma
- How to Treat Kids' Hard-to-Control Asthma
- Asthma: Worst Cities for People With Asthma
- Asthma Drug Ruling
- Asthma Control Still Poor
- Herbal Remedy Users Have Worse Asthma
- Asthma in Childhood Tied to New Gene
- Acetaminophen May Be Linked to Asthma Risk
- Some Asthma Drugs Get New Precaution
- Low Vitamin D Linked to Severe Asthma
- Cholesterol Drugs May Help Asthma Patients
- FDA OKs Asthma Drug for COPD
- St. Louis a Challenge for Asthma Sufferers
- Poor Mental Health, Asthma Risk Linked?
- Baby Acetaminophen Tied to Asthma
- Boys More Likely to Outgrow Asthma
- Cat Allergy Linked to Asthma
- Electronic 'Nose' May Note Asthma
- Childhood Asthma Rise Puzzling
- Pregnancy Diet May Affect Asthma
Asthma Topic Guide - Visuals
Slideshows, Pictures, Images, and Quizzes:
Asthma Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Indacaterol inhalation is used to control the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.learn more »
Omalizumab is used to treat moderate to severe asthma that is caused by allergies in adults and children who are at least 6 years old. Omalizumab is used wh...learn more »
Formoterol is a long-acting bronchodilator. Budesonide is a steroid...learn more »
Fluticasone and salmeterol inhalation is a steroid and bronchodilator combination medicine that is used to prevent asthma attacks. It is also used to preven...learn more »
Formoterol inhalation is used to control the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.learn more »
Cromolyn sodium works by preventing the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »
Montelukast is a leukotriene (loo-koe-TRY-een) inhibitor. Leukotrienes are chemicals your body releases when you breathe in an allergen (such as pollen). T...learn more »
Fluticasone nasal (for the nose) is a steroid medicine that is used to treat nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes caused by seaso...learn more »
Budesonide inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks...learn more »
Beclomethasone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »
Ipratropium nasal (for the nose) works by reducing mucus secretions in the nose...learn more »
Zileuton is a leukotriene (loo-koe-TRY-een) inhibitor. Leukotrienes are chemicals your body releases when you breathe in an allergen (such as pollen). Thes...learn more »
Zafirlukast is a leukotriene (loo-koe-TRY-een) inhibitor. Leukotrienes are chemicals your body releases when you breathe in an allergen (such as pollen). T...learn more »
Salmeterol inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent asthma attacks or exercise-induced bronchospasm...learn more »
Fluticasone inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks in adults and children. Fluticasone inhalation is sometimes used together with st...learn more »
Beclomethasone is a steroid. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »
Albuterol oral is a bronchodilator taken by mouth to treat bronchospasm (wheezing, shortness of breath)...learn more »
Epinephrine is a chemical that narrows blood vessels and opens airways in the lungs. These effects can reverse severe low blood pressure, wheezing, severe s...learn more »
Triamcinolone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »
Ipratropium is a bronchodilator that is used to to prevent bronchospasm in people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including bronchitis and...learn more »
Cromolyn sodium works by preventing the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »