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Bacterial Vaginosis (cont.)

What is the medical treatment for bacterial vaginosis

Medical treatment for bacterial vaginosis involves antibiotics taken either orally or applied locally to the vagina. Since bacterial vaginosis is not believed to be a sexually transmitted condition, treatment of male sex partners is typically not necessary.

Medications that cure bacterial vaginosis (antibiotics)

Several antibiotics are effective in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis.

  • Metronidazole (Flagyl) taken by either oral (pill) form or as a vaginal gel (Metrogel) is an effective treatment.
  • A vaginal clindamycin cream (Cleocin) is also an effective option.
  • Tinidazole (Tindamax) is an antibiotic that appears to have fewer side effects than metronidazole and is also effective in treating bacterial vaginosis.

Do I need to follow-up with my doctor after having bacterial vaginosis?

A return visit to a health-care professional is recommended if the patient's symptoms do not resolve after antibiotic treatment or if symptoms return. Recurrent bacterial vaginosis may develop in the same woman after she has been treated, so it is important to see a health-care professional if symptoms persist or recur. Up to 50% of women who are treated will develop a recurrence of symptoms in the year following treatment.

Can bacterial vaginosis be prevented?

Because the exact reasons for bacterial overgrowth in the vagina are unknown, it may not be always possible to prevent bacterial vaginosis. However, by decreasing certain behaviors (smoking, vaginal douching, and having multiple sex partners) a woman can reduce her chances of developing the condition.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/11/2016

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