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Birth Control Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)IUDs (intrauterine devices) are small T-shaped plastic devices that is placed in the uterus for birth control. Currently in the United States, two types of IUDs are available, copper (ParaGard) and hormonal (Skyla or Mirena). Side effects include heavier periods and worsening menstrual cramps and irregular periods.
Birth Control Barrier MethodsThe practice of birth control is as old as human existence. Birth control barrier methods include: the male condom, female condom, diaphragm, cervical cap and sponge.
Birth Control Medications (Contraceptives)Birth control (contraceptive) medications contain hormones (estrogen and progesterone, or progesterone alone). The medications are available in various forms, such as pills, injections (into a muscle), topical (skin) patches.
Birth Control Behavioral MethodsThe practice of birth control is as old as human existence. Behavioral methods that don't use hormones such as birth control pills or mechanical devices such as condoms are in use throughout the world, especially in underdeveloped nations.
Birth Control FAQsThe practice of birth control is as old as human existence. Your choice of birth control method involves factors such as how easy it is to use, safety, risks, cost, and personal considerations. Each form of birth control has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Birth Control Permanent MethodsPermanent methods of birth control include tubal ligation or implants for women and vasectomy for men. Pre-procedure, procedure, and post-procedure information should be reviewed with your physician to discuss effectiveness of the procedure, recovery time, and any other necessary concerns in regard to the procedure.
Emergency ContraceptionEmergency contraception (birth control after intercourse) is the use of a drug or device to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. Emergency contraceptive measures can be taken within the first 72 hours after unprotected intercourse.
Home Pregnancy TestHome pregnancy tests are kits that contain a test to determine if a female is pregnant. Home pregnancy tests are available over-the-counter (OTC) and do not need a prescription. There are a variety of home pregnancy tests available. The accuracy of home pregnancy tests depend upon how well instructions are followed, and how the test kit was used. A pregnancy test performed in a doctor's office is the most accurate test to determine if you are pregnant.
Birth Control Hormonal MethodsHormonal types and of options for birth control, and include patches, rings, implants, injections, and the birth control pill. Common side effects of hormonal methods of birth control are headaches, anxiety, acne, weight gain, mood changes, decrease in sex drive, heart attack, and stroke. No birth control methods is 100% effective, nor does it protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
How to Use a CondomAmong the many barrier methods of birth control, the condom for men is used most often. Condoms are inexpensive and available in many convenient locations, without a doctor's prescription.
Birth Control SpermicidesSpermicides are chemicals that are used during sexual intercourse that prevent conception by rendering sperm ineffective. They come as jellies, films, suppositories, foams, or tablets. Spermicides don't work as well as other reversible barrier methods of birth control.
Tubal SterilizationTubal ligation (tubal sterilization or tubes tied) is a surgical procedure to block a woman's Fallopian tubes. There are few risks with tubal ligation, however, risks do include general anesthesia, bleeding, infection, or injury to other organs in your body during the surgery. Tubal ligation is permanent and cannot be easily reversed.
VasectomyVasectomy is an elective surgical procedure performed on men for permanent contraception. In the procedure, the tubes that transport sperm from the testicles are severed, preventing the gametes from mixing with semen produced in the prostate gland in preparation for ejaculation. Vasectomy does not otherwise interfere with sexual function.
Expert Views and News
- Advisory Panel Backs New Contraceptive Patch
- Once-Daily 'Male Pill' Shows Promise in Study
- Senate Kills Funding for Planned Parenthood
- Pregnancy Prevention Program in Acne Drug Users
- Male Birth Control: More Options Soon?
- 7 Surprising Things About the Affordable Care Act
- FDA OKs Plan B One-Step Emergency Contraceptive
- FDA Approves Emergency Contraceptive, No Rx
- Bill Gates's $100,000 Condom Challenge
- Prescribe Morning-After Pill to Teens in Advance?
- Medical Group: Sell the Pill Without Prescription
- IUDs Increasingly Popular Form of Birth Control
- Which Birth Control Methods Are Best for Teens?
- 2 in 5 Women Don't Use Birth Control
- Progress Toward Male Birth Control Pill?
- Health Care Reform: Questions and Answers
- Study: Heart Attack, Stroke Risk Low with Birth Control Pills
- IUD Beats Pill at Preventing Pregnancy
- New Warning for Some Birth Control Pills
- New Birth Control Pill Recall
- 1 Million Birth Control Pill Packs Recalled
- CDC: Many Teen Moms Didn't Think They Could Get Pregnant
- Contraceptive Implant Is Easier to Insert
- Recall of Birth Control Pills
- No More Co-pay for Birth Control
- Panel: Drop Co-Pay for Women's Birth Control
- Birth Control Pills Under Investigation
Birth Control Types (Options, Side Effects, and Effectiveness) Topic Guide - Visuals
Birth Control Types (Options, Side Effects, and Effectiveness) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Ethinyl estradiol and norelgestromin contains a combination of female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary). This medicine al...learn more »
Ethinyl estradiol and etonogestrel vaginal ring is used as contraception to prevent pregnancy...learn more »
Etonogestrel is a hormone that prevents ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary). This medication also causes changes in your cervical mucus and uter...learn more »
Drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol is a combination birth control pill containing female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary...learn more »
Ethinyl estradiol and desogestrel is a combination birth control pill containing female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary)...learn more »
Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel extended-cycle is a combination drug that contains female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an...learn more »
Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel is a combination birth control pill containing female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ova...learn more »