Black Bryony

Other Name(s):

Black Bindweed, Blackeye Root, Brionia Negra, Dioscorea communis, Haut Liseron, Herbe aux Femmes Battues, Lady's-Seal, Racine Vierge, Raisin du Diable, Sceau de Notre-Dame, Tamier, Tamier Commun, Tamus communis, Tamus edulis, Vid Negra, Vigne Noire, Vigne Sauvage.

Overview

Black bryony is a plant. The root is used to make medicine.

Despite serious safety concerns, people take black bryony by mouth to cause vomiting.

Black bryony is also applied directly to the skin (used topically) for bruises, strains, torn muscles, gout, and arthritis-like pain (rheumatism). Other topical uses include treating hair loss and improving blood circulation to the scalp.

How does it work?

Black bryony root can stimulate nerve endings by piercing the skin with tiny, needle like crystals.

Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

TAKEN BY MOUTH

  • Causing vomiting.
  • Other conditions.
APPLIED TO THE SKIN More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of black bryony for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

SLIDESHOW

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Side Effects

Applying fresh black bryony root directly to the skin is POSSIBLY UNSAFE. It can cause severe skin irritation, rashes, swelling, and welts.

Black bryony root is UNSAFE for anyone when taken by mouth. It can cause serious side effects including severe irritation of the stomach and intestines, seizures, kidney failure, and dangerously slowed breathing.

Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking black bryony if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. However, due to the risk of serious adverse effects, you have extra reasons to avoid the use of black bryony if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Avoid use.

Dosing

The appropriate dose of black bryony depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for black bryony. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

QUESTION

Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

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References

Aquino, R., Conti, C., De Simone, F., Orsi, N., Pizza, C., and Stein, M. L. Antiviral activity of constituents of Tamus communis. J.Chemother. 1991;3(5):305-309. View abstract.

Capasso, F., De Simone, F., and Senatore, F. Sterol constituents of Tamus communis L. J Ethnopharmacol 1983;8(3):327-329. View abstract.

Capasso, F., Mascolo, N., Autore, G., De Simone, F., and Senatore, F. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity in alcoholic extract of Tamus communis L. J Ethnopharmacol 1983;8(3):321-325. View abstract.

Kashchenko, V. B. and Kozhukhar', G. S. [Toxidermia caused by Tamus communis]. Vestn.Dermatol.Venerol. 1986;(5):50-51. View abstract.

Kovacs, A., Forgo, P., Zupko, I., Rethy, B., Falkay, G., Szabo, P., and Hohmann, J. Phenanthrenes and a dihydrophenanthrene from Tamus communis and their cytotoxic activity. Phytochemistry 2007;68(5):687-691. View abstract.

Miliavskii, A. I. [Contact dermatitis caused by black bryony]. Vestn.Dermatol.Venerol. 1979;(7):49-50. View abstract.

Rethy, B., Kovacs, A., Zupko, I., Forgo, P., Vasas, A., Falkay, G., and Hohmann, J. Cytotoxic phenanthrenes from the rhizomes of Tamus communis. Planta Med 2006;72(8):767-770. View abstract.

Mascolo N, Autore G, Capasso F. Local anti-inflammatory activity of Tamus communis. J Ethnopharmacol 1987;19:81-4. View abstract.

Schmidt RJ, Moult SP. The dermatitic properties of black bryony (Tamus communis L.). Contact Dermatitis 1983;9:390-6. View abstract.

Williamson EM, Evans FJ, eds. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Essex, England: CW Daniel Company Ltd., 1998.

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